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ۼ
ۼ 2007-04-05 () 14:37
   
૰ ߣ

ߣ

   (ҷ )

 

Լء : ⿡ 򢿡 ܲ ⸦ ۰ ؼ ĵǾԼءڡ ߾ ݤ п ȡݥڡ ϡ ִ.

۰ ߴԼءڡ 1920 10 21Ϻ 10 26ϱ ٵ ߣԼء ֺ () κ Լءݻ鰡 þ ⥡ߴ.

鿡 1925 þ £ ѱ δ밡 ܨ( ܨ) ۡ Լء ݻ Ǿ.

1931 ػ񽸦 , 1931 1933 Լء ػڰ Ͽ 㸦 ϴµ ߴ.

Լء ⿡ 븦 ߾ Լء ݻꬵ ڿ ϰųڡ ؼ Լء ҵǹǷ ڰ Өȴ.

1941⡸ݥڡ Ǿ ̫Ǿ Ү ߤǾ Լءڡ ۰, ׸ݥڡ Ү洿 ҵǾ Өȴ.

ÿ 1920͡Լءڡί ߣ߿ ߰, 1930뿡 , 1940뿡¡ݥڡ λ, ϸ Լء ܫ 鿡 θ ˷ 캸 Ѵ.

٤ 

1900 10 20() ( ٥ ν)   ( 5) 17() ί ¾. Ѳ 3г Ϸ ˰ ٰ ߲ Ѧ ݥ ū 1915 11 ή 16 ̿ ٤ ̽ߴ.

( ӡ) ߾ , ֱ 睨κ Фը ڦ ħ ޾Ҵ.

󰡐 Ҵ ソ ظ Ѵ󰡑 ̫󰡐߿ Դ󰡑 ִµ󰡐 Ŀ , ٤ ޶󰡑 ګ, ̹ ٷ ׷ ִ.

˻ Լء 

Ф ϰ, Խ ͩ뿡 ؼ ͩ ( ), 1916 ˻ 12⿡ ̸ 2 øơ̶ ʣ٣ ߴ.

1919 3 ܲΡ , ܲΡ ϡ ʫʰ ڽ ̸ (ة)󰡒󰡓 տ󰡒󰡓ڸ ٿʡ ܸ ־, ÿ ܲ鿡 յǾ ̸ί Ǿ.
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睨κ Ф : 1880 1 13() ( ) ߣ쿡 ߴ. 1900 9 ί迡 ߰, ίϿ Ϸ ߴ. ̿ ۰ڰ թϿ ܲø Ϸ ͪ ﹵ ˯Ͽ Ը߯ ߴ. ߿Ǿ ̸߾ ܺ ɰ Ǿ. 󰡒޳ 󰡓 晲κ̶ ܸ ߴ. , 1911 ߾ ٤ߴ. ٤ ح ÿ ̴. ̷ ٣ ٤ʫ Ϳ ׾ 渦 ϰߴ. 1922 Үѿ ߿, Ө 9 25 43 (٤). ״ ݫ̴. ( ʡ֡2 .ݺ ܴа :Լء꡹)

ۡ ڰ ߣԼء                

1919 Ү 31Լءؿ Ͼ, 4 11Ͽ ؿ ݤ ء, ̿ ̭䡤޾ 5 Ѣ 5 ٣ Խ ͩ뿡 , ܸ իް 7 ؼ ߾ ۡߴ.

ؿ Ф, , 鿡 ؿ ħ ߰, Ф Լء ϰڴٴ ̹ ֿ ɸ ϰ ִ ( ) ã ˿ ־.

ػ񽿡 ̹ Ұ ޾, 1919 10 ػ ί ί ߴ.

ί迡 (٣ ), г, (٣ ) ί ٹϰ ־µ, ̹ 1919 11 ̪ ߴ.

1920 3 ֵί 󰡒ίᶸ ϰ, ί ޶󰡓 ٣ ߴ. ̿ α ૰ Բ , ֭, ˩, , ˪, Ͽ Ϸα ־  Բ ־.

Ϸα 1920 4 ϰ û ︲ ίᶸ ϰ ֵί ϰ, ݻ ٤ߴ.

⿡ ϸ, Ϸα Юټ : 1920 6 600, 300 ̾.
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ί 1910 9 Ϻ , Ѣ Ƶ 細 ʫ 40 ᧷ ϴ  ʿϿ ٤, ػ ߲( : ߲) ءߴ Լء Ѧμ̴.

: ί (ʣ٣ : ). ૰ Բ ̺Ǿ. ί ӽ ί ߴ. ߣԼء ί 2 ߰, ߣ㸦 ģ ߾ Ǿ ݤ ߣ ͱ(Լءڤ Գ)ߴ. ί ϰ ( ܨ٣) ػ̪ ء ߴ. ݻӥ ӸǾ 25,000哩 ̡֡ߴ. 1932 2 15ӥ 75ӥ , 1936 8 27 Ԥ ֭ϰ ߴ. п Լء Ǿ. å 165-166, ܫϼ ʡ- ٣ѡ334-351  

Ϸα þƿ ϴ üڿԼ 꿡 ︦ ߴµ ߣ 38 ܲ 400ڷ, Ѧμ 2ڦ, 3ڦ Ǿ ְ, ̹ Ȱ ݣ Ѧμ 5ڦ ״ ϰ ־ ߤ Լءݻ ذ˭ ݻ鿴 Ǿ ִ. 

ǡ ͪ 

ߣߡ Ӯ ǡ 㡹 ۡǾ.

1920 6 4 ȫ 屺 1Ҵ밡 θ dz ԰ϵ 簭 ܲᶸ ̪, Ϻ 1ߴ ܲ 19 δ븦 ̪ϴ ̪ܵǾ. ̿ Ϻ 19 1밡 ȫ δ 鿡 ٰ, 6 7 ȫδ ָ Ǵٽ Ǿ.

157, λ 200 ׸ Լء 1 3 ݶ߿ θ̾ Ǿ ִ. ̡̰ 㡹̴.

ٵ Ѩ撐 ݻ ۰ ߤ Լءݻ鸦 Ͽ ()Ϸ 1920 7 ̸ ١۰ ͪ񡹨 ءϰ ݻ Լء ߴ.   

Լءݻ 鿡 ꬵ Ю Юټ : 19ӥ ݻ, ߣ 20ӥ 1 ׸ ú 11ӥ 13ӥ 14ӥ ݻ ܲ ϴ ꬵ ܲ 25,000 , ؼ μ ݻ ߰ ޫѦ Юټ ̾.

ø Լء ݻ ܲ ᧸ Ͽ Ю ݻ Ϸ 򢸦 ߴ. ȫ δ 1920 8 ݻ̵ Ͽ 9 21 ף ̵ ݾο ߴ

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˰Գ ۡԼء 롹(2006⵵ Ҵī)

ۡ ڰ ߣԼء

Ϸα ɰ ѷҡ ϰ 9 17ϰ 18Ͽ ڴʰ ̵ ߴµ, 1 298 ( : ݻ) () ߴ.

9 17 ̹ (ݻ) Ṱ ϴ ۡ( ݻ) 600 ȭ ﵵ û긮 ߰, 9 18 300 ޴ 100 ܬ鰡 ֵί μϨ쿡 û긮 ۡߴ.

ߣ 

(̿)  

Ϻ ߣ ܲ鰡 δ븦 ߰Ͽ û긮 , ħ ̽ϰ Լء ϱ Ͽ ݻ鸦 2 ߴ.

1 Ʒ Ͽ ɰ ؼ ݻ 2밡 dz ۰ ߣ⽾ ߰, 2 600 ̹ Ͽ ̪ ߣ ¥ Ϣ ߴ.

1920 10 21󰡒Լء ݻ鰡 ޫߤϿ Աߴ󰡓 ŵ ø ϰ ۯ ߣܲ 鰡 Լء ¥ , ί( ) ܳ ̹ ̪ 󰡒̪ !󰡓٤ֵ 600 Ȱ 4 Ѧμ 2 ̪ Ͽ 30 ݻ 200 ߴ.

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󰡐 ̪󰡑ϴ ί󰡒̪!󰡓٤ֵ ǹ ⿡ ִ󰡐û屳 ̹ ź ߻縦 ȣź õǾ󰡑 ϣ ٷ ̹ û긮ϴøǡݻ ί̾ٴ ̴. ̰ , ̴. : ҷ (), ܲ ί, ڦ

̾ ߣ߿ Ѧμȵ Լء , ̹ ڪ ϰ Ȯ ̪ ξ , ʾʾ þ.

Ϻ 2 ܲ 1 ܲ ܬݻ鸦 Ͽ ؼ ̹δ ̸ õ ֭ ̪ ش Լء ̪ ذ °, Ϻ 300 ħ ߴ.

  (þ)  

ŵ ظ Өұ Ͽ ׳ 100 ˭ؼ 10 22 ̵ ˣߣ ߴ.

̿ 踦 ä ִ Ϻ 1 ܲ鰡 ؼ ϰ ִٴ ø Լߴ.

100 ౺ ص ǰ ¿ ϴ 1ð ٽ ῡ .

10 22 4 30а ̹ 밡 ο 밡 ڵ õ򿡼 ä ڰ ִ Ϻ ܲ鸦 ߴ. Ϻ ܲ 100 ϰ ة ⦸ ߴ.

  (ةϵ)  

̾ ʦ ̾µ, Ϸα Ϻ ⺴ ϰ ġ, α Ϸ籸 ġ ʹ ̴ ȫ δ밡 ռϿ ħ Ϻ ̪ߴ. Ϻ ܲ ʥҡ 񥸦 , 300 ߴ. ̶ ߿ 100 ϴ ū Ծ. 

û긮 : Ϸα ܵ , õ, Ͱ, ⱸ, ȫ պδ밡 ܵ Ϸ籸, ϰ Ϸα ȫ պδ밡 õ Ͽ Ѵ.

û긮£ ŵ ۡϸ, ߾ ݻ ͱ 1, 2, Ÿ ܲ 1,254(߿ ߿̪߯ 500 ), ͪ1,257̸ ݶ߿ 屳 200󰡓̶ ߩߴ.

̸ , ߾ ۡԼءڤ Ϻ ڸ 1,200 Գ߰, ߱ڤ û긮 Ϻ ڸ 2õ ߩߴ. ͣ Խݤ μ   ۡޡؼ : Ϻ ڴ 1,200 ׸ λ 2,000 ߩϿ ۡϰ ִ.

ߣ  

û긮ϴø : -

ù°. Юټ ̪ ۵Ǿ ڰڰߴ δ밡 Ю Ը δ ̪μ 츮 а ͣ ý״.

°. õ 츮 ȥ ϱٴ û긮ϴø ŵ ִ.

߱а Ϻο ߣ ϰ ,

ù°. 鳪 Σϰ Юټ Ͽ ۡϴ ̴.

°. Բ Ǵ Ͽ þ ϴ Ͽ ϰ ̴, ߩ ׽ ־ ϴ.

°. ̪ǰų ̳ ״ ̪Ǿ ߴ ݶ߿ ʥ ݥ 翡 ڿ ߽Ű ʾ ̴, ͣ ͣ ϴ ڿ 춰 ʦ̴.

ͱ Σ忡 ߣ õǰų ΦʤǾ ȵ ̶ ܵΰ ʹ.

ܨ( ܨ)  

þ δ󰡒Լء п ְڴ󰡓 þ 㿡 Ӿơ٤ڡ Ͽ ͣ þ 鿡 ʥӽ߰, ٤ ܲ ߴ.

̡̹٤ڡΡڡ ϡ ֵί Ǿ ϴ 1925 1 þ 𶿡 ϴٰ Ѧμ ̸ ̪ ʥ ޴ 鿡, þ ﰡ Լءݻ鸦 ϴ¡ܨ̸󰡐 ܨ󰡑 ۡߴ.

̹ þƿ ѿ ɸ ԤϿ ߰, ط ڰ ף˰ ߴ.

屺 Ͽ Լء Լء ٿ , ֿ þ £ Լء ݻ鰡 ߤǰ ︦ ᧸ ݥ ߴ.

׷ ν (ֵί ) ̹ û긮ϴø ί ϰ󰡐̹ 50 ɰ ٣󰡑ߴ.

׸Ͽ ȥ إ䬿 Բ ػ ͯ(Nongol) 򢸦 ϸ鼭 ߵӿ Ͽ ߰ ִ ͪ ̾ٰ, ۰(㡤ةߣ ݻ) , ܨϿ ߴ.

ૡֵ߯  

1933 ί ݾ ί () ߴµ󰡒ί ͸ ϶󰡓 ߾ ٤ ί ̺, ݻ Ҹҹ Ǿ ƹ .

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߿ ̹ þ ٤ ܲ 踶(٤ þ ) ̾. :  (ݻΤ, ö̹屺ȸ ȸ)

̺ ٤ֵ󰡒 ʫ  ί ̻ ϰ Ű 󰡓 ߴٰ ٤ ȴ.

˿ി󰡒 ߧ ġ󰡓 ߿߱ ħ ί 󰡒 ϰ ߯϶󰡓 ֵ ӹǾ.

ϰ ߴ ί (٣ڱ) ̹ Ͽ ֵ ָ鼭󰡒 ̴, ϶󰡓 Ͷ ־ ̹ ֣ 鿡 ܬ ä, ٷ ί踦 Աߴ.

()翡  ڰ 㿡 ϴ δ ꬵǾ ʫ ڡϴ ͩ߱ ʰ ᧰ ǰ Ҵ.

ħ󰡒 󰡓 ̽ϰ ڽ ɾ ( Ϣ ۰ֵί ) Ͽ ۰ڿ ݥߴ. 

ݥ 

߿ߡߧ ġ ߿ ͱ , 1940 ֣ӥ ݻ( ) ߴ.

1941⡸ݥڡ , ݥ ߴ. 릷 ݥ ̺ 2 , ڸ OSS(CIA ) Ͽ ݥڡҮ ߴ.

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ݥ 󰡒̹ 屺 ƹ ܬ 籺б ݵ ǹ̴󰡓 ߴٰ ѯ пӥ ߴ. : ѯ(±شܴ, ߣҷν , ö̹屺ȸ ), (ȸ, 籺б )

̹ ֱ⸦ 󰡒 ״븦 ̿ߴ ̴, ״븦 Ƴ ִ. ߻ ʰ ż, ʹ ״븦 ȣ ְڴ󰡓 ϸ鼭 ̹ ٸ ߱決 ־. :  (ݻΤ, ö̹屺ȸ )

̹ ί 忡 (Ρ  ) ̰, Ҵ (ݥ ) ͺ (ͣ ۡ) (ݥ ), (ݥ  ), ( ), (ݥ ),   ( ), (ܪ) п ͵̴.

ɿ

ӿ ϸ, ̹ ة ִ ŵ ϰ  ׵ ɸ , ޿ þ ޸ ϰ ־, ٻ 鿡 Ө ϴ ɸ .

̹󰡒 ٷ ڪ Ф κ ̴󰡓 ε鿡 ߴ.

Ҵӥ , ع  

1946 Ҵӥ ϰ󰡐ʫ߾󰡑󰡐߾󰡑 ɰ, ڱ  Ҵ ￴.

ݤ ڸп ͵ϴ ع ʹ ءԼءڤ ڤ  1920 û긮ϴø Ͽ 1921 Բ ڽ ϸ鼭 ִ 䡸ParkerؿҴ ૿ ڪ ־, Ҵ ܿö ڸ 鿡 ʰ Ͽ 信 鼭 ο ִ Լءڿ ־.

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ع Ͱ 1921 ૿ ῡ󰡒 ͣ ڶ õ . ߣ ׷ ʰ ߸ ĥ ִ ̿. ȿ ̰ Բ ϴ ̿󰡓 .( 288-289 )

Լءҷν ϰҮ ءǾ ִ ̹ǡ

󰡒ݲ ϰ ϴ , ߿ ݵ   ű⿡ ϰ ̴.󰡓 .

1946 ̹ , ع ͸ ãư ׵ ؿ¡ParkerؿҴ ְ, ڴʰԳ ߴ.

̰ Ǹ Ǿ, Ҵ ΡҴӥ ϰ ִ Ӱ ߴ, 1948 8 15 е ؿ ί ߴ.

󰡐 ʹ ڽ ִ ״´󰡑 ʤ ʤϰ 캼 ֵ ع Ϳ λ, Ͽ ߴ.

ڽ ← ϰ ߴҴӥ ߤ ϴ ٲ ޾, 㹰 ڽ 鼭 ڽ ̾ ٥ ʾҴ.

󰡐ͯ 󰡑 ̷ ɰ ٷ ̾.

2 6 ߤ Ҵӥ ӥ ⦰ 100ؿ٣ Φ߰,  ͣ ݻ ʫ ۡ ϰ ִ.

ʤ 

̹ ή 16 ٤ ̽߰, 21 Լءȿ մ ߣ 㡹͡ 㡹 ߴ, ݥ ߴ Ѣ μҴӥ Ͽ  Т 󿴴.

׷ ί ٤, Ҵ Ҵӥ  Ǿ, Ǿ ߿ Ǿ.

ħ Ҵӥ ˭ߤ ߰, 625 ί 寷 ǵƿԴ.

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ͺ (Ҵӥ, Үݻ , Ү, ݻί ) 10   ҷ ߾󰡒 (Ҵӥ ) ٷ ݼߣ ߴ ڪ̴󰡓 ߴ. : (Ҵӥ ݻ֣ , ݻ ί, , ҷ )

1950 625 ί Ǿ ؽ Ͽ С̶ ɶ 1952 Դ ݼߣ Үȿ ӭѢ Үί ߴ ſ տ .

̡СΦ ٣ ̹ , ״ ̾ ٥ ʾҴ.

󰡒ؿ ̾ ٥Ѵٸ ׫ ̰, ̿ 罿 ĥ ƴϳ ?󰡓̰ ʳ   ο ӿӿ Үح̾, ̹ Ҭ 黙ߴ.

ݼߣ , ̹ Ҵӥ ͵ ° ߫ ޾, ᧵ ̨ߴ.

̸ӡε 󰡒 , Į Ǯ ġ鼭 㸦 , ġ 鸲 ߣ ɸ ٣̾, ⦰ ϴ 濡 ϰԵ ۿ .󰡓 κ ʤ.

° Ѹġ λ о ȴٰ 캸 ϰ 1972 5 11 ħ ճ ƴ.

1972 5 17 ӿ , ء ʫ 洿 ϰ ִ.

(٥) ٥  

2006 ݤ ˻踦 ʫ ߰, ٥ Ρ( ) ϴ Ӱ ۡ, ٥Ǿ.

2007 3 1 ٥ ۡǴ ڤ 4 ӹϴ ̩Ǿ, CCTVС̶ ΰ , ۯ籵Ǿ.

˻迡 , ڡ7 鿡 ߵǰ, ί ˻ Ρ˻衹٣ վ̶ ε Ү黼ӿ ߣ ˿Ǿ ִ. CCTV δ 2007 8 12 ܫ޿ ʵȡ ̳ ۯ籵Ǿ.

̿ (δ ) 

2006 8 12 ܫ޿ ʵȡ ̳߾ Ѣ Өᄋ ̾Ͼ Ѱ 鰣 Լء ۿ ũū ޾Ҵ.

ӭҮ ἵ , ڱθ ̲ ̵鸸 ùٸ ȸ Ѱ ư ݥ ϴ ٶ ϴ.

ùٸ ϼ ׵ ϼ ̴.

׷Ƿ ö̹屺ȸ ߡݥҴī̡ ܫ ϼ ߡϼ塹 Ϳ ϼ ׵ ϸ鼭, ϼ ڦ ڱ ۡ ġ Ѵ.

 

-պҡ(̹ , 1971 11 30 )
-ö ̹ (̹ , 1991 12 20 ҷ )
-ö ̹ (ҷ , 1992 8 5 )
-轺ũ ϴþƷ(п: Ҭݫ , 1942-1944 ݥ Τݥ ߾衵, , 100 ٣)
- ߡ( Ҭݫ )
-֡( 1-2 )
-ö̹屺 û긮( ۡ)
- ݥ п ģ 桸 ڡ(ҷ )
-ػ ̸ ͵项( : ˩ )
-Լء 롹( ˰Գ ۡ : 2006 ̳)
-- ٣ѡ(ܫϼ )

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3500
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4 ٶ δ ̹ ʴ 2006/10/01 17:27
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1 ְ ϸ 2006/09/25 00:53
12